Empedocles- Russell’s History of Western Philosophy, chapter by chapter (6)

Empedocles represents the cusp of Greek scientific endeavour. He was a brilliant thinker in regards of his science, but his religious life was rather different. It is worth separating the two because of how at odds with each other they are. He flourished around the date of 440BCE in Akragas. He was originally a successful…… Continue reading Empedocles- Russell’s History of Western Philosophy, chapter by chapter (6)

Heraclitus- Russell’s History of Western Philosophy, chapter by chapter (4)

Yesterday we looked at how Pythagoras sought to explain the world through numbers. Reducing things to numbers reduces them to unchanging facts, or at the very least, to unchanging patterns. Heraclitus believed that nothing ever stayed the same, and it is this which we shall look at today. Background Most of what we know of…… Continue reading Heraclitus- Russell’s History of Western Philosophy, chapter by chapter (4)

Pythagoras- Russell’s History of Western Philosophy, chapter by chapter- (3)

In this chapter Russell looks at Pythagoras. We all remember him from mathematics in school, but the influence he had was rather impressive. Background We have just looked at the intellectual climate of Miletus with Thales, Anaximenes and Anaximander. Pythagoras lived roughly during the same time. He was a citizen of Samos. Samos was a…… Continue reading Pythagoras- Russell’s History of Western Philosophy, chapter by chapter- (3)

What Eastern and Western religions can teach us about identity

I have seen the question asked many times “who is your idol?”, but I have never been able to actually answer this. I do believe that we have a natural propensity to see the heroic in other people. Even further than that, I believe that, in seeing someone as an idol, we set them as…… Continue reading What Eastern and Western religions can teach us about identity

Is reality a simulation? Some preliminary thoughts

The world has become captivated by the idea that we may be living in some sort of ‘matrix’, ever since the fact that Elon Musk believed this to be the case became a popular meme. Are we really living in a computer simulation? And more to the point, what would the implications of this be…… Continue reading Is reality a simulation? Some preliminary thoughts

Descartes’ Meditations, 2/3

This is the second post in the series and covers the third and fourth meditations. To read the first part, which covers the first two, CLICK HERE. The Third Meditation Of God; That He Exists In the third meditation, Descartes does two things; Firstly, he takes us through a deep analysis of the objects in…… Continue reading Descartes’ Meditations, 2/3

The Hindu View of Life by Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Radhakrishnan starts off by confronting the classic question of what Hinduism actually is. This, he does not answer directly, for a very good reason: Hinduism isn’t an internally recognized word, but a name given to the sub-continent of India by outsiders. Later, it was recognized by Hindus as being a practicable working name. This was…… Continue reading The Hindu View of Life by Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan